Students enrolled in music unit programs and faculty and staff with employment status in the music unit must be provided basic information about the maintenance of health and safety within the contexts of practice, performance, teaching, and listening. For music majors and music faculty and staff, general topics include, but are not limited to, basic information regarding the maintenance of hearing, vocal, and musculoskeletal health and injury prevention. They also include instruction on the use, proper handling, and operation of potentially dangerous materials, equipment, and technology as applicable to specific program offerings or experiences. Beyond the provision of basic general information, and the identification of available resources, decisions regarding topic areas and breadth and depth are made by the institution, and normally are correlated with the nature, content, and requirements of specific areas of specialization or specific courses of study.
For non-majors enrolled in courses offered by the music unit, including performing ensembles, or other curricular offerings of the music unit, topics chosen in addition to the maintenance of hearing health are directly related to health and safety issues associated with their specific area of study or activity in music. Music program policies, protocols, and operations must reflect attention to maintenance of health and injury prevention and to the relationships among: the health and safety of musicians; suitable choices of equipment and technology for various specific purposes; appropriate and safe operation of equipment and technology; and the acoustic and other conditions associated with health and safety in practice, rehearsal, performance, and facilities.
Specific methods of providing information and addressing injury prevention, technology, and facilities are the prerogative and responsibility of the institution.
NOTE: Health and safety depend in large part on the personal decisions of informed individuals. Institutions have health and safety responsibilities, but fulfillment of these responsibilities cannot and will not ensure any specific individual’s health and safety. Too many factors beyond any institution’s control are involved. Individuals have a critically important role and each is personally responsible for avoiding risk and preventing injuries to themselves before, during, and after study or employment at any institution. The NASM standards above and applicable guidelines below, and institutional actions taken under their influence or independently do not relieve the individual from personal responsibility for appropriate, prudent, and safe behavior or action, nor do they shift such responsibility and liability for the consequences of inappropriate, imprudent, and/or unsafe behavior or action in any instance or over time to any institution, or to NASM.
Music Department Health Links
- Musician’s Hearing Health, University of North Carolina, Greensboro http://performingarts.uncg.edu/mri/research-areas/hearing-health
- Musician’s Way: A Guide to Practice, Performance, and Wellness http://www.musiciansway.com/wellness.shtml
- The Voice Health Institute http://www.voicehealthinstitute.org/
- The American Speech, Language, and Hearing Association http://www.asha.org/public/
- Protect Your Hearing Every Day-Information and Recommendations for Student Musicians (quick reference version), National Association of Schools of Music http://www.wcsu.edu/music/NASM_PAMA-Student_Information_Sheet-Standard.pdf
- Protect Your Hearing Every Day-Information and Recommendations for Student Musicians, Faculty, and Performers N.A.S.M. https://nasm.arts-accredit.org/publications/brochures-advisories/nasm-pama-hearing-health/
- Occupational Noise Exposure, U.S. Department of Occupational Safety and Health https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/noisehearingconservation/index.html
- Hearing Loss and Decibel Levels, New Orleans Musicians’ Clinic http://www.neworleansmusiciansclinic.org/medical-resources/hearing/heari...
- Noise and Hearing Loss, Oregon Symphony Players Association http://www.concertgoersguide.org/backstage/noises.php
- Decibel (Loudness) Comparison Chart http://www.gcaudio.com/resources/howtos/loudness.html
- The McClosky Institute of Voice Enhancement of the Healthy Voice http://www.mcclosky.org/
- The Greater Baltimore Head and Neck Center – The Voice Center Guide to Vocal Health and Vocal Function http://www.gbmc.org/home_voicecenter.cfm?id=1559
- National Center for Voice and Speech - The NCVS is a multi-site research and teaching organization dedicated to studying the characteristics, limitations and enhancements of human voice and speech.http://www.ncvs.org/
Musculoskeletal Health and Injury
- A Painful Melody: Repetitive Strain Injury Among Musicians by Tamara Mitchell http://www.working-well.org/articles/pdf/Musicians.pdf
- Five Tasks of Constructive Rest by Barbara Conable/College of Music/University of Colorado Boulder http://music.colorado.edu/departments/wellness/five-tasks-of-constructiv...
- What makes musicians prone to Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI)? By Timothy Jameson http://www.musicianshealth.com/whyrsi.htm
- Feldenkrais Method http://www.feldenkrais.com/
- Alexander Technique http://www.alexandertechnique.com/
- Better Movement http://www.bettermovement.org/2010/using-skeletal-awareness-to-move-better/
- Performance Anxiety, Web MD http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/stage-fright-performance-anxiety
- The Inner Game of Music by Barry Green and Timothy Gallwey http://www.innergameofmusic.com/innergamebook
- A Soprano on Her Head: Right-Side-Up Reflections on Life and Other Performances by Eloise Ristad http://www.innergameofmusic.com/innergamebook
La Crosse Local Resources
- Mayo Health Systems, Franciscan Health Care La Crosse – Speech and Language Therapy Information http://mayoclinichealthsystem.org/locations/la-crosse/medical-services/speech-language-therapy
- Mayo Health Systems, Franciscan Health Care La Crosse – Otolaryngology Information http://mayoclinichealthsystem.org/locations/la-crosse/medical-services/otorhinolaryngology
- Mayo Health Systems, Franciscan Health Care La Crosse – Audiology Information http://mayoclinichealthsystem.org/locations/la-crosse/medical-services/audiology