Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Traditional and Alternative Options
Nursing Research on the Green
Emily Brigham, RN MSN/FNP student – Viterbo University\
- Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, or COPD, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Current research continues to demonstrate the projection that COPD will become the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030.
- Significance: Health care providers (HCPs) are urged to assess that status of patients within the practice who have been diagnosed with COPD, specifically patients with a combination of other co-morbidities.
- Purpose/objective: To explore the management options to treat COPD and thus ultimately preventing COPD exacerbations in patients diagnosed with COPD.
- Methods/project: A literature review was conducted using online publication and journal databases including CINAHL, PubMed, and UpToDate. Terms such as COPD management and prevention options were used as initial search phrases. The search criterion was limited to include English language only, full-text, and date restrictions within last five years. These limiting factors produced a vast amount of articles. Further limitations were set with age restrictions adult only, randomized control trials.
- Results: A gap exists in the standardization of management options and treatment choices for exacerbation in COPD. There is vast need for continued research surrounding COPD life improvement skills, relaxation techniques, options for anxiety management and perception of quality of life related to diagnosis of this disease.
- Clinical implications: After reviewing recent statistics and projections about the progression of COPD, a practical knowledge of COPD management options and exacerbation prevention techniques would prove to be beneficial in future practice, no matter the setting.
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