Types of Interviews
What ever the type of interview, the purposes of interviewing are focused on convincing the interviewer that you can make a contribution to the organization, appraising the opportunity, avoiding being screened out for reasons within your control, and, ultimately, landing a job. There are different types of interviews to be familiar with.
- Directed/Structured Interviews are formal and direct, guided by the
interviewer, questions are mostly job related, a no-nonsense style.
- Unstructured Interviews involves open-ended questions and relaxed style
conducive to shedding light on candidate's personality; be assertive and
stay away from 2-3 word answers, provide examples.
- Stress Interviews involve a process designed to provoke the candidate and test
his/her reaction to stress; may involve long gaps of silence, a hostile
manner, or challenging the candidate. Candidates need to depersonalize
the process, understand the interviewer is playing a role, and maintain
- Telephone Interviews are often used to screen applicants and narrow job pool; some organizations are using webcams for this.
- Group Interviews involve several candidates being interviewed at the same
time, sometimes used with large organizations that hire large numbers of
employees or for positions involving extensive group work.
- Panel Interviews have more than one interviewer posing questions; helpful
hint-maintain eye contact with everyone.
- Behavioral Interviews incorporate process based on the premise that the most
accurate predictor of future performance is past performance in a
similar situation. Employers predetermine which skills are necessary
for the job and ask you to describe specific times you have demonstrated
that skill in the past. Respond in a specific and detailed manner,
always listen carefully to the questions and ask for clarification if
necessary, your interview preparation should include identifying
examples of situations where you have demonstrated specific skills and
behaviors, such as decision making, conflict management, and effective
Typical Interview Structure
- Making contact:, the time for introductions, establishing rapport and explaining interview structure
- Establishing qualifications and opportunities, the question-and-answer time
- Closing, the time for the interviewee to ask questions of the interviewer; interviewer often outlines next steps
- Administration/Preparation, the time for the interviewer to
completes notes and review of resumes, references, evaluations and other
materials to make a hire decision
- Thank you letter: interviewee sends thank you note immediately