Lesson Plans What is a wetland?
Generally, wetlands are lands where saturation with water is the
dominant factor determining the nature of soil development and
Habitat the types of plant and animal communities living in the soil and on
its surface (Cowardin, December 1979). Wetlands vary widely
*animals because of regional and local differences in soils, topography,
climate, hydrology, water chemistry, vegetation, and other factors,
*vegetation including human disturbance. Indeed, wetlands are found from the
tundra to the tropics and on every continent except Antarctica.
Benefits of Wetlands
For regulatory purposes under the Clean Water Act, the term wetlands
Reasons for Habitat Loss means "those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or
ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that
How to Save Wetlands under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation
typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally
Literature include swamps, marshes, bogs and similar areas."
Location of Wetlands [taken from the EPA Regulations listed at 40 CFR 230.3(t)]
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